Quantum Resonances in a Complex-Momentum Basis

Examensarbete för kandidatexamen

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12380/179709
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Type: Examensarbete för kandidatexamen
Bachelor Thesis
Title: Quantum Resonances in a Complex-Momentum Basis
Authors: Bengtsson, Jonathan
Granström, Pontus
Embréus, Ola
Ericsson, Vincent
Wireklint, Nils
Abstract: Resonances are important features of open quantum systems. We study, in particular, unbound and loosely bound nuclear systems. We model 5He and 6He in a few-body picture, consisting of an alpha-particle core with one and two valence neutrons respectively. Basis-expansion theory is briefly explained and then used to expand the nuclear system in the harmonic oscillator and momentum bases. We extend the momentum basis into the complex plane, obtaining solutions that form a Berggren basis. With the complex-momentum method we are able to reproduce experimentally observed resonances in 5He. The 5He Berggren basis solutions are used as a single-particle basis to create many-body states in which we expand the 6He system. For the two-body interaction between the neutrons, we use two different phenomenological models: a Gaussian and a Surface Delta Interaction (SDI). The strength of each interaction is fitted to reproduce the 6He ground state energy. With the Gaussian interaction we do not obtain the 6He resonance, whereas with the SDI we do. The relevant parts of the second quantization formalism is summarized, and we briefly discuss a possible implementation.
Keywords: Grundläggande vetenskaper;Fysik;Subatomär fysik;Kärnfysik;Lågenergifysik;Basic Sciences;Physical Sciences;Subatomic Physics;Nuclear physics;Low energy physics
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för fundamental fysik
Chalmers University of Technology / Department of Fundamental Physics
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12380/179709
Collection:Examensarbeten för kandidatexamen // Bachelor Theses

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