Adaptive laboratory evolution of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for increased tolerance towards compounds of industrial interest

Examensarbete för masterexamen

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Type: Examensarbete för masterexamen
Master Thesis
Title: Adaptive laboratory evolution of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for increased tolerance towards compounds of industrial interest
Authors: Malina, Carl
Abstract: Over the last decades, microbial production of fuels and chemicals has become an increas-ingly attractive alternative to petroleum-based production. This has created a demand cell factories able to produce a wide range of compounds. The yeast Saccharomyces cere-visiae is widely used in biotechnology with successful applications in the production of both bulk and fine chemicals. However, in order to reach the full potential of yeast as a cell factory challanges still remain. These include creating strains tolerant to stress conditions, such as inhibition at the high product titers required in industrial production. Traits conferring these properties are often complex and encoded by several genes. In order to obtain strains with improved tolerance, adaptive laboratory evolution (ALE) is often used. This thesis was part of an ongoing project of ALE for increased tolerance towards compounds with potential industrial applications. The work in this thesis can be divided into two main parts. The first part was screening for tolerance of S. cerevisiae towards four diols and two diamines by microplate cultivation. For both the diols and diamines, clear trends of decreasing fitness as compound concentration was increased was seen. For the diols tested, it seems increasing toxicity correlates with increasing chain length and branching. The second part was characterization of pimelic acid tolerant strains from ALE, by shake flask cultivation and HPLC analysis of metabolites. In addi-tion, the genomes of 21 strains were resequenced. Results from the shake flask cultures showed that, in presence of pimelic acid, most strains have an impaired growth on non-fermentable carbon sources. Furthermore, HPLC analysis of metabolites revealed that glycerol and acetate accumulated during cultivation while ethanol was slowly consumed, implicating a defective respiratory system. Through genome resequencing, in total 47 genes were found to be mutated across all of the evolved strains.
Keywords: Biologiska vetenskaper;Bioinformatik och systembiologi;Livsvetenskaper;Biological Sciences;Bioinformatics and Systems Biology;Life Science
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för biologi och bioteknik
Chalmers University of Technology / Department of Biology and Biological Engineering
Collection:Examensarbeten för masterexamen // Master Theses

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