Collision rate of spheroids in turbulence

Examensarbete för masterexamen

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Type: Examensarbete för masterexamen
Master Thesis
Title: Collision rate of spheroids in turbulence
Authors: Schnitzer, Barbara
Abstract: Collisions of particles are of great importance in different processes in fluid flows, like water droplets colliding in cumulus clouds forming rain, but also dust grains that eventually form a planet. As a continuation of work that was done on spherical particles I studied the collision rate of small spheroids in three qualitatively different flows, namely in the kinetic limit, where particles move ballistically, in the shear flow, where particles move uniformly, but can overtake each other, and in a smooth random flow, which is a model for the small scales in turbulence. A corresponding theoretical model that describes the two-dimensional collision rate was presented and compared to simulation results. It was found that the particle shape has a great influence on the collision rate in all cases. In general an increasing elongation leads to a higher collision rate, while the two-dimensional shear flow was found to be an exception in the sense that the collision rate approaches zero instead. Threedimensional systems were investigated by simulations but not supported by a theory.
Keywords: Building Futures;Grundläggande vetenskaper;Hållbar utveckling;Innovation och entreprenörskap (nyttiggörande);Annan naturvetenskap;Annan teknik;Annan samhällsvetenskap;Building Futures;Basic Sciences;Sustainable Development;Innovation & Entrepreneurship;Other Natural Sciences;Other Engineering and Technologies;Other Social Sciences
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för fysik (Chalmers)
Chalmers University of Technology / Department of Physics (Chalmers)
Collection:Examensarbeten för masterexamen // Master Theses

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