Reliability and reproducibility of Josephson junction fabrication - Steps towards an optimized process

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Examensarbete för masterexamen
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2019
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Osman, Amr
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We investigated the reliability and reproducibility of the fabrication process of Al/AlOx/Al Josephson junctions with varying sizes using the cross-type lithography technique. Room temperature resistance measurements on thousands of junctions showed a standard deviation varying from 0.8% and 5.5% depending on the junction size, and a fabrication yield higher than 97%. Additionally, we investigated two steps towards optimizing the fabrication process. Firstly, the Ar-ion milling duration was reduced, whose e ect on the junction quality remains to be investigated. Secondly, a one-step fabrication technique of Josephson junction is proposed in this thesis. Such a technique reduces the number of lithography steps needed, and in addition, Arion milling of the substrate is avoided. This technique proves to be very reliable for small JJ sizes, with a fabrication yield also higher than 97%. However, further work is needed in order to reduce its standard deviation, in addition to low temperature measurements to investigate the quality of qubits fabricated using these JJs. Finally, a tentative study for the ageing of Josephson junctions was investigated over the course of 180 days showing an average increase in the resistance of only 5%.
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