Weakly Supervised Deep Learning Classification

Examensarbete för masterexamen

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Typ: Examensarbete för masterexamen
Titel: Weakly Supervised Deep Learning Classification
Författare: Claesson, Carl
Johnsson, Fredrik
Sammanfattning: The usage of increasingly large and complex sets of data is rapidly gaining traction within healthcare and life sciences. To handle these datasets prompts for more sophisticated methods. A key such method is Artificial Intelligence, AI. There are numerous examples of successful application of AI in health care, especially in diagnostic disciplines, e.g., automatic analysis of X-ray images, treatment recommendations and monitoring adherence [25]. In some of these disciplines, AI have been demonstrated to be able to outperform humans. AI is therefore receiving more and more attention as a way to increase efficiency and safety in healthcare. A key hindrance to the adoption of such systems is the large quantities of labeled data required to train deep learning models. One proposed method of overcoming this annotation bottleneck is weak supervision, or data programming, where the data annotation is done using labeling functions. These labeling functions are used to translate the expert domain knowledge of the annotator using statistical models into “denoised” or probabilistic labels that can be used to train deep learning algorithms without the use of ground truth data provided by an expert annotator. This thesis investigates the Weak Supervision method for concept classification from electronic health records. We describe the development of a distant supervision method, where the external medical database MeSH is used to create labeling functions for different phenotypes (concepts) from the MIMIC-III database [20]. These labeling functions are then used to create probabilistic labels for a few different deep learning models to train on. A deep CNN model trained on the probabilistic labels from the labeling functions achieves a f1-score of 0.93 on the test set and is clearly able to generalize beyond the probabilistic labels it is trained on. It can be concluded that weak supervision seems to be a promising approach for NLP problems within the medical field that could potentially drastically decrease the need for expert annotations, which is both time-consuming and expensive.
Nyckelord: weak supervision;deep learning;machine learning;NLP
Utgivningsdatum: 2021
Utgivare: Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för fysik
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12380/302595
Samling:Examensarbeten för masterexamen // Master Theses



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