Microstructure of Z-phase strengthened martensitic steels: Meeting the 650°C challenge
Examensarbete för masterexamen
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|Type: ||Examensarbete för masterexamen|
|Title: ||Microstructure of Z-phase strengthened martensitic steels: Meeting the 650°C challenge|
|Authors: ||LAWITZKI, ROBERT|
|Abstract: ||This work aids the development of a new generation of martensitic steels that enable working conditions of 650 °C / 350 bar. A new concept called Z-phase strengthen-ing is applied, where the thermodynamically most stable phase in these steels, Z-phase, is used as the strengthening agent. These steels have a great potential to increase the thermal efficiency of fossil fired steam power plants, decrease their CO2 emissions, and enhance their operational flexibility to better accommodate ener-gy generation from renewable sources. The microstructure of two Z-phase strengthened 9-12% Cr trial steels was studied. These two trial steel were designed to study three important issues: i) the effects of Mo addition on Laves-phase formation; ii) the effects of combining Nb and Ta on the Z-phase formation; iii) the effects of C content on the Z-phase formation. Scanning electron microscopy was used to follow the evolution of Laves phase parti-cle size, area fraction and number density in the these trial steels during aging at 600 °C, 650 °C, and 700 °C for up to 31 days. Compared with equilibrium calcula-tions obtained by JMatPro and ThermoCalc, it is shown that Laves phase has almost fully precipitated after 31 days of aging at 650 °C and 700 °C, but not for aging at 600 °C. These results were verified by matrix investigations using atom probe tomog-raphy. Furthermore, atom probe tomography was used to investigate the evolution of the chemical compositions of carbonitrides and Z-phase during aging. The results show that Z-phase forms faster in carbonitrides with high nitrogen to carbon, and ni-obium to tantalum ratios.|
|Keywords: ||Metallurgisk produktionsteknik;Energi;Hållbar utveckling;Metallurgisk processteknik;Innovation och entreprenörskap (nyttiggörande);Materialvetenskap;Metallurgical manufacturing engineering;Energy;Sustainable Development;Metallurgical process engineering;Innovation & Entrepreneurship;Materials Science|
|Issue Date: ||2016|
|Publisher: ||Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för fysik (Chalmers)|
Chalmers University of Technology / Department of Physics (Chalmers)
|Collection:||Examensarbeten för masterexamen // Master Theses|
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