Hydrometallurgical Treatment of Spent Lithium-Ion Batteries: A study of optimal conditions for the leaching

Examensarbete på grundnivå

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Type: Examensarbete på grundnivå
Title: Hydrometallurgical Treatment of Spent Lithium-Ion Batteries: A study of optimal conditions for the leaching
Authors: Wendy, Zhou
Abstract: The interest of recycling lithium-ion batteries to recover valuable metals has traditionally been focused on economic benefit. Nowadays, the interest has shifted towards a more global perspective on waste disposal because of issues from both environmental impacts and resource supply. The current recycling processes are designed to operate with small lithium-ion batteries from portable electronic devices [1], and do not satisfy the new requirement in environment and recycling efficiency for larger, more advanced lithium-ion batteries from electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles. Therefore, recycling processes must be developed to accommodate an increasing amount of vehicle lithium-ion batteries, that are expected to enter the waste stream in the near future. Leaching is an essential step for effective recovery of metals from spent lithium-ion batteries during hydrometallurgical treatment. The objective of the present work was to determine the optimal leaching conditions for recovery of metals from spent lithium-ion batteries. The leaching was carried out by using hydrochloric acid. Effects of different concentrations, temperatures, reaction times and solid-to-liquid ratios were examined. With optimal leaching conditions found to be 1 M hydrochloric acid, 60 min leaching time, at 40oC with solid to liquid ratio of 1/20 g/ml.
Keywords: Kemi;Kemiteknik;Chemical Sciences;Chemical Engineering
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för kemi och kemiteknik
Chalmers University of Technology / Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12380/256504
Collection:Examensarbeten på grundnivå // Basic Level Theses

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