A platform for Acetyl-CoA synthesis using xylose as feedstock in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Typ
Examensarbete för masterexamen
Master Thesis
Program
Publicerad
2015
Författare
Englund Örn, Oliver
Modellbyggare
Tidskriftstitel
ISSN
Volymtitel
Utgivare
Sammanfattning
Global rise in temperature and diminishing oil reserves has stimulated a market of alternative replacements to traditional petroleum based products. An alternative is the use of a bio refinery capable of converting biomass to the normally petroleum based products. The baker yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an attractive cell factory as its existing large-scale infrastructures for bioethanol production. However, it cannot utilize xylose, an otherwise unusable part of the plant biomass, which represents of utmost importance in the bio-refinery development. To also have a strain capable to produce a wide range of products, it could be used as a platform to base a bio refinery upon. Therefore, the aim of this study is to generate platform strains capable of forming acetyl-CoA, an intermediate metabolite in many of the cells metabolic reactions and also for many other industrially relevant bio-chemicals. With this goal in mind, the metabolism of S. cerevisiae was engineered. The genes encoding an isomerase-based xylose assimilation pathway (RTG, XI, XKS), and a phosphoketolase pathway (XPK, PTA), were cloned into the yeast strain CEN.PK113-5D to enable the yeast to take up and convert xylose into acetyl-CoA. The functionality of this synthetic pathway were evaluated for the production of 3-hydroxypropionic acid via introduction of ACC1** and MCR genes into the engineered strains. By characterisation of all the engineered strains on glucose growth we found increase of acetate production in strains with the phosphoketolase pathway expressed, indicating the in vivo activity of this pathway. However, expression of the xylose assimilation pathway through genome integration did not render the strains able to grow on xylose, suggesting the low efficiency of the assembled xylose assimilation pathway. To overcome this adaptive laboratory evolution is recommended.
Beskrivning
Ämne/nyckelord
Livsvetenskaper, Biologiska vetenskaper, Bioinformatik och systembiologi, Life Science, Biological Sciences, Bioinformatics and Systems Biology
Citation
Arkitekt (konstruktör)
Geografisk plats
Byggnad (typ)
Byggår
Modelltyp
Skala
Teknik / material