A report on Objective Development of Damper Specification
Examensarbete för masterexamen
Automotive engineering (MPAUT), MSc
Damping of the sprung and un-sprung masses of a vehicle through a suspension damper is crucial to obtain good comfort and handling characteristics. Damper tuning, which is predominantly based on subjective feedback and experience from engineers takes up a large amount of time and resources. Preliminary knowledge of the influence of dampers in different operating regions can provide a good starting point in the damper tuning process. This research thesis aims to develop objective metrics related to the response of simplified vehicle models and could provide information regarding the modifications in the damper specifications to achieve the desired response. Quarter-car models with linear, asymmetric and non-linear damper curves are simulated in the Matlab environment for step and swept sine inputs. The responses are further investigated to identify metrics of interest, by which the behaviour of the vehicle can be understood. For linear damper models, the poles of the system are analyzed and pole placement method is used to understand the behaviour of sprung and un-sprung masses when suspension parameters are varied. For asymmetric dampers, metrics which could help decide the required degree of asymmetricity between compression and rebound damping are presented. Finally, for non-linear dampers, the effect of damping force in different regions of operation is studied. A sensitivity analysis (Design of Experiments) is performed to identify the most influential variables corresponding to these metrics. With these results, the response of the model is studied to obtain the metrics of interest which can be attributed to the behaviour of the vehicle. Comparisons are presented to visualize the effects of different damper specifications by which an initial prediction could be made for the damper specifications. This outcome can potentially enhance the preliminary knowledge of the effects of damper tuning and thereby providing a better starting point for the damper development process.
Transport , Farkostteknik , Transport , Vehicle Engineering