Performance of Jatropha biodiesel production and its environmental and socio-economic impacts

Examensarbete för masterexamen

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Download file(s):
File Description SizeFormat 
136377.pdfFulltext1.95 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Type: Examensarbete för masterexamen
Master Thesis
Title: Performance of Jatropha biodiesel production and its environmental and socio-economic impacts
Authors: Axelsson, Lisa
Franzén, Maria
Abstract: The increased demand for renewable energy sources and India’s need to secure its energy supply have spurred interest in development of biofuel production in India. Expectations have been high for the production of biodiesel from the oil-crop Jatropha. Jatropha is promoted as a drought- and pest-resistant crop, with the potential to grow on degraded soil with a low amount of inputs. These characteristics encourage hope for positive environmental and socio-economic impacts from Jatropha biodiesel production. In 2003 a large-scale government programme was launched for promotion and implementation of Jatropha cultivation and biodiesel production. To gain more information on Jatropha performance the Indian Institute of Science performed a field study in Southern India in 2005-06, conducting interviews with Jatropha farmers and measurements of their plantations. The current study is a follow-up to the previous study. The purpose is to explore the performance of Jatropha biodiesel production in Southern India, to indentify motivational factors for continued Jatropha cultivation, and to assess environmental and socio-economic impacts of the Jatropha biodiesel production. For this purpose, 106 farmers who have or have had Jatropha plantations were visited and interviewed regarding their opinion of Jatropha cultivation and existing plantations were assessed. The study finds that 85 percent of the Jatropha farmers have discontinued cultivation of Jatropha. The main barriers to continued cultivation derive from ecological problems and economic losses. The Jatropha characteristics were overrated, and the plantations failed to provide income to the farmer. Problems in the development and execution of the government implementation of the Jatropha programme were also identified as barriers. The farmers experienced a lack of support from involved authorities. A common factor for the farmers who have continued Jatropha cultivation is that they have the economic means to maintain non-profitable plantations. As the Jatropha programme was not as successful as expected, the expected positive environmental and socio-economic impacts have not been realized.
Keywords: Energi;Transport;Hållbar utveckling;Miljöteknik;Teknik och social förändring;Energy;Transport;Sustainable Development;Environmental engineering;Technology and social change
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för energi och miljö
Chalmers University of Technology / Department of Energy and Environment
Series/Report no.: Rapportserie för Avdelningen för fysisk resursteori : 2010:06
Collection:Examensarbeten för masterexamen // Master Theses

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.