Fast shortest-path kernel computations using aproximate methods

Examensarbete för masterexamen

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Type: Examensarbete för masterexamen
Master Thesis
Title: Fast shortest-path kernel computations using aproximate methods
Authors: Kilhamn, Jonatan
Abstract: The shortest-path kernel is frequently seen in the context of graph classification, which shows up in various subjects, for example bioinformatics. However, it is not efficient enough to be applicable in practice if the graphs are too large. The purpose of this thesis is to explore the possibilities of computing the shortest-path kernel approximately, taking shorter time at the cost of a limited error. This thesis proves a theoretical error bound for a class of kernel function approximations, applicable to the shortest-path kernel but further generaliseable as well. We also present two specific approximations of the shortest-path kernel. Firstly, we define an approximate kernel based on the idea of sampling node pairs in a graph to approximate its shortest-path length distribution. Secondly, we define a kernel computing approximate shortest-path lengths in a graph using its graph Voronoi dual. We provide algorithms to compute both of these, and prove that their runtime complexities are better than the shortest-path kernel they approximate. Finally, we evaluate these kernel approximations empirically, comparing them to the full shortest-path kernel as well as other reference kernels.
Keywords: Data- och informationsvetenskap;Computer and Information Science
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för data- och informationsteknik (Chalmers)
Chalmers University of Technology / Department of Computer Science and Engineering (Chalmers)
Collection:Examensarbeten för masterexamen // Master Theses

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