Multilevel harmonic elimination methods for HVDC
Examensarbete för masterexamen
In HVDC system the modulation scheme used is an important factor in achieving a desired harmonic performance and allowable semiconductor losses. PWM patterns with lower pulse numbers reduce semiconductor losses but make the filter design complex and vice versa. Two-level Harmonic Elimination PWM (HEPWM) method has been successfully applied in Voltage Source Converter based HVDC (VSCHVDC so called HVDC Light in ABB) projects recently and achieved a good tradeoff between the switching frequency and filtering demands. In this thesis, therefore, the potential of using three-level HEPWM in HVDC application to achieve lower semiconductor losses and better harmonic performance without further increase in the filtering requirement will be investigated. To do so, different three-level HEPWM patterns are analyzed and a suitable solution with smallest pulse number based on the filtering requirement is chosen. The final solution will then be compared with the two-level counterpart based on semiconductor losses, harmonic performance and semiconductor rating requirement and a conclusion will be made based on the results. Some drawbacks and suggested solutions to the studied three-level topology will also be discussed. Finally a PSCAD simulation using the developed steady state model for the new topology will be done to verify some of the MATLAB calculation results.
Energi , Elkraftteknik , Energy , Electric power engineering