Designing an Automation Course - An Application of the ADDIE Model

Examensarbete för masterexamen
Master Thesis
Learning and leadership (MPLOL), MSc
Andersson, Christian
Liljegren, Niklas
Industry 4.0 is the fourth era of industry. It changes how products are produced which also changes the expectations on the industrial workers. Everything in the production should now be automated and connected via IT (Informational Technology). So how does this change the work and the knowledge requirements of the industrial workers? And how will they reach these requirements? The purpose with this thesis was to increase the level of knowledge for SKF employees towards the company’s needs and desires. The purpose was also to help the course participants reach the learning objectives by using scientific learning methods and theories. In addition, the created course would not only apply to automation courses at SKF (Aktiebolaget Svenska Kullagerfabriken), but to other courses in the industry as well. This thesis describes how to design an automation course by using the ADDIE model. The ADDIE model is an instructional design method which divides a project in the five following steps: analysis, design, development, implementation and evaluation. This thesis focused on the analysis step to create a framework and a content that can be used to design automation courses in different industries. A thorough analysis about previous knowledge and important knowledge for the future participants, what motivates the future participants and the company, assessment and learning theories and methods has been conducted. Learning objectives, assessment and activities were created from the result of the analysis. The results from the analysis can also be used to create other courses in the future. Data have been collected with observations, questionnaires and interviews. The questionnaires have been conducted by SKF personnel and the answers have been visualized with bar charts. The interviewees were also SKF personnel and the results were analyzed using coding to create categories of important material. Brainstorming was used to produce learning objectives and to design the course. The results in this thesis show, for example, that skill development is getting more and more important in the industry. It becomes crucial for all industrial workers to have understanding of the automation cells and its components. It also shows the importance of an industrial worker being able to troubleshoot the automation cell when something goes wrong. It is important that they receive training, to help them develop their skills in these areas. This thesis shows that it is important for them to get practical education with similar equipment as they use in their everyday work and that they get to see many examples of what can go wrong and how to fix it. iv This thesis shows that assessment is an important area to analyze. The managers, the teacher and the course participants can all benefit from assessment. Assessment can increase learning, help the teacher to evaluate the course and give managers a receipt on the participants’ knowledge. There are many different learning methods and theories to take into account when an automation course for operators is created. One important thing is to motivate the course participants and to keep them motivated throughout the course. To do this, we have used research about adult learning, cooperative learning, the 5E model and motivation strategies. Practical education, which has support from for example John Dewey and the 5E model, has been a big part of the course. A course was designed based on the results from the analysis step. Activities and assessment were developed to meet the course objectives and the course was implemented as a pilot course at SKF Competence Center. The pilot course was evaluated with a questionnaire which showed that the participants wanted to keep all of the content and that they gained a good overview knowledge. The evaluation also showed that the time was not sufficient and that IT and PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) were difficult areas. This thesis can be used in two different ways. The first way is to use the created course as presented in this thesis. The second way is to use results from the analysis to design similar courses for industrial workers.
Informations- och kommunikationsteknik , Produktion , Hållbar utveckling , Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik , Pedagogik , Lärande , Information & Communication Technology , Production , Sustainable Development , Information Systems , Pedagogy , Learning
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