Browsar Examensarbeten för masterexamen // Master Theses efter Ämnesord "Accelerator"
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- PostEnergy Efficiency of Convolutional Neural Network Inference on FPGAs and Accelerated GPUs(2021) ÜNALACAK, SEDAT; JOTHI SINGAARAVADIVELU, JOSHYKA; Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för data och informationsteknik; Larsson-Edefors, Per; o Petersen Moura Trancoso, PedroEnergy efficiency of convolutional neural networks (CNN) can be improved by using low-precision data types. FPGAs and GPUs are widely used to implement CNN inference due to their parallel processing capabilities. Some GPU-based SoCs in clude accelerator cores that perform low-precision operations efficiently for certain data types. FPGAs can be configured to carry out arbitrary bit-width operations. This thesis examines and compares the energy efficiency of FPGAs and accelerated GPUs for low-precision CNN inference applications. We implemented convolution, fully connected and pooling building blocks for CNN inference on both platforms, verified functionality, measured and compared performance with each other and the state of the art. Accelerator cores on our GPU-based SoC improved the energy efficiency for some design cases at the expense of increased latency and base power consumption. Depending on the design parameters and the type of the layers, FPGA provided up to 23.11 times better energy efficiency, 28.31 times less power consump tion and 6.59 times lower latency than accelerated GPU, and GPU provided up to 1.64 times better operational energy efficiency. FPGA worked with even higher energy efficiency for variety of low bit-width data types that cannot be processed by accelerated GPU. Accelerated GPU delivered reasonable energy efficiency levels and required comparably less design time. We also included detailed analysis of the effects of the design parameters on energy efficiency.