Experimental investigation on electrical resistivity of SFRC

Examensarbete för masterexamen

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12380/228078
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Type: Examensarbete för masterexamen
Master Thesis
Title: Experimental investigation on electrical resistivity of SFRC
Authors: Abad Zapico, Lucía
Abstract: Reinforced concrete is widely used within the construction industry, being considered as the most important construction material as it combines the best properties of its components: tensile strength of steel and compressive strength of concrete at a relatively low cost compared with other materials. It is used in the construction of civil structures such as bridges or harbour piers, which need large amount of reinforcement making corrosion of steel one of the most critical parameters in assessing their service life. Lately, steel fibres have been used together with traditional reinforcement bars to limit the crack widths and minimize the chloride ingress to reduce the risk of pitting corrosion. To this extent, it seems that the use of steel fibres would be beneficial in larger constructions; however, there is also a concern that the decrease in resistivity caused by the conductivity of the fibres may increase the corrosion rate of the steel bars. This master thesis is divided in two different parts: resistivity studies and corrosion rate experiments. The first one aims to identify how steel fibres influence the resistivity of concrete and the second one to determine whether a measured low resistivity of steel fibre reinforced concrete could lead to increased corrosion rate of steel reinforcement bars. For the resistivity studies, the results show that resistivity was affected by numerous parameters among which moisture content should be highlighted, as it is the one with larger influence. It was determined that electrical resistivity of concrete decreases with increasing fibre contents and also that the orientation of fibres, something that is achieved by the pouring process, has an effect on the measured values. During the corrosion rate experiments, the galvanic current flowing through reinforcement bars was measured and with the help of Faraday’s law, the theoretical weight loss of those bars associated to the reduction of their crosssection was calculated. After comparing the different values in specimens with different fibre contents from three month’s chloride exposure, no significant evidence was found indicating that steel fibres may influence the corrosion rate of traditional reinforcement bars.
Keywords: Building Futures;Husbyggnad;Building Futures;Building Technologies
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik
Chalmers University of Technology / Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Series/Report no.: Examensarbete - Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Chalmers tekniska högskola : 2015:84
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12380/228078
Collection:Examensarbeten för masterexamen // Master Theses

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