Complications of the Million programme housing and the impact of renewal An analysis of case studies from projects in UK, France and Sweden.

Examensarbete på grundnivå

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Type: Examensarbete på grundnivå
Title: Complications of the Million programme housing and the impact of renewal An analysis of case studies from projects in UK, France and Sweden.
Abstract: Between the years of 1964-1975, one million dwellings were constructed in Sweden to counteract the at the time prevailing shortage of homes, this large-scale political project was given the name The Million Programme. The dwellings were very modern and were held with a high standard when they were constructed but neglected maintenance has resulted in some issues. Many of the houses built were high-rise rental buildings, they are now half a century old and in need for extensive repairs and standard raising measures due to age and natural wear but also in some cases, neglected maintenance. The economic expenditures for the much needed renovations are big and it is generally the tenants who pay for it with vastly increased rents. The buildings are often structurally sound; the need for refurbishment is mainly due to the technical condition of the building, stricter authority requirements in terms of energy consumption and availability as well as the social conditions of the immediate area. A troubling circumstance for investments in terms of refurbishments is that the Swedish government expressly opposes any form of financial support for renovations. A large portion of the buildings constructed during The Million Programme are located in socio-economically weak areas were the tenants have a limited solvency, questioning the economic benefit of an investment that in terms of a renovation. This thesis is to enlighten the problematics of The Million Programme housings, its flaws and to analyse the different approaches that exist to renew the apartment buildings. Furthermore, successful examples will be analysed were worn and dilapidated high-rise apartment buildings in rough quarters in both the UK and France have been regenerated in to innovatory and modern buildings which have not only benefited the tenants that live in them, but the entire surrounding vicinity. The outcomes of this report determine that an extensive refurbishment is the most suitable alternative for dilapidated high-rise apartment buildings. It is also established that an exterior makeover should not be circumvented. An attractive appearance raises the status of an area and the area is viewed as more attractive for residence which also enables the property owner to raise rents and counteracts a possible degree of vacancy. Another important factor to take in to consideration is that it is imperative to attempt to accomplish an inventive and creative refurbishment by using open tender rather than selective tender, and by doing so encouraging companies to offer added value by making use of creative and inventive approaches that will cut costs and give more value for the money.
Keywords: Samhällsbyggnadsteknik;Civil Engineering
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik
Chalmers University of Technology / Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Series/Report no.: Examensarbete - Institutionen för bygg- och miljöteknik, Chalmers tekniska högskola : BOMX03-16-34
Collection:Examensarbeten på grundnivå // Basic Level Theses

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