Simulation Study on Lifted Hydrogen and Methane Jet Flames in Hot Vitiated Coflow

Examensarbete för masterexamen

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12380/255900
Download file(s):
File Description SizeFormat 
255900.pdfFulltext3.03 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorForsting, Henrik
dc.contributor.departmentChalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för mekanik och maritima vetenskapersv
dc.contributor.departmentChalmers University of Technology / Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciencesen
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-03T14:52:28Z-
dc.date.available2019-07-03T14:52:28Z-
dc.date.issued2017
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12380/255900-
dc.description.abstractCombustion of fossil fuels is the most important energy source today. Burning fossil fuel is however expensive and bad for the enviroment. Improving the combustion technology to reduce fuel consumption, and to be able to burn renewable fuels is therefore of great importance. Analysing the flames in gas turbine engine-like burners can give knowledge about the burning process, which can be used to improve the design of such engines, and to optimize their operating conditions. Simulations of a closed burner, used at Tongji University, have been conducted, where different operating conditions have been tested when burning hydrogen and methane. For burning methane, different velocities of the jet and coflow have been simulated. For methane, the flame’s liftoff height increased both when the jet- and the coflow velocity increased. The increase due to changes in coflow velocity was however smaller than the results from previous research on similar cases. When the jet velocity was between 25 to 75 m/s, the flame’s liftoff height was very dependent on the coflow velocity. At speeds ranging from 75 to 200 m/s, the liftoff height was less dependent of coflow velocity. The jet’s reduced influence was due to a recirculating zone that appeared at high jet velocities. A jet velocity of 50-100 m/s gives a liftoff height that is neither too low, nor too high, and no recirculating zone is formed in those jet velocities. For hydrogen, different jet velocities and background pressures have been simulated. For the hydrogen case, the flame was blown out at fairly low pressures. The flame was blown out as early as 1.2 bar when the jet velocity was set to 107 m/s. The pressure limit rose as the jet velocity declined, and with a jet velocity of 25 m/s, the limit was logged to 1.4 bar. There is no clear trend for the liftoff behaviour from 1.0 to 1.1 bar, but the liftoff height increase rapidly when the pressure increase beyond 1.1 bar. When using hydrogen as a fuel, the pressure must be controlled very precisely to be able to run it efficiently, due to the flames sensibility to pressure differences.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofseriesExamensarbete - Institutionen för mekanik och maritima vetenskaper : 2017:88
dc.setspec.uppsokTechnology
dc.subjectFarkostteknik
dc.subjectHållbar utveckling
dc.subjectEnergiteknik
dc.subjectEnergi
dc.subjectVehicle Engineering
dc.subjectSustainable Development
dc.subjectEnergy Engineering
dc.subjectEnergy
dc.titleSimulation Study on Lifted Hydrogen and Methane Jet Flames in Hot Vitiated Coflow
dc.type.degreeExamensarbete för masterexamensv
dc.type.degreeMaster Thesisen
dc.type.uppsokH
Collection:Examensarbeten för masterexamen // Master Theses



Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.