Deep Learning Models for Data Integration and Surrogate Models for Interpretable Predictions with Applications in Integromics and Recommender Systems

Examensarbete för masterexamen

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12380/301197
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Type: Examensarbete för masterexamen
Title: Deep Learning Models for Data Integration and Surrogate Models for Interpretable Predictions with Applications in Integromics and Recommender Systems
Authors: Edwardsson, Per
Liew, Oskar
Abstract: Many tasks require the simultaneous analysis of multiple heterogeneous data sets, also known as integrative data analysis. In the past, most data integration methods made linear assumptions in the shared latent representations between the data sets. Recently, Deep Collective Matrix Factorization (dCMF) was proposed as a matrix completion algorithm that can utilize auxiliary data sources without making any assumptions about the data, by modelling non-linearities using deep learning. In this thesis, we examine the performance and versatility of dCMF and propose a framework to interpret the predictions of the model, based on Linear Interpretable Model-agnostic Explanations (LIME), that we call dCMF-LIME. The explanations give variable importance measures for an individual prediction and can be used to gain trust or to troubleshoot a model. We also propose a method for unsupervised data translation that we call a Data Translation Network (DTN) that can learn to transform data from one set of data to another by first encoding them to a shared latent domain and then reconstructing any of the learned data from said latent domain. We saw that dCMF outperformed our baseline methods on simulated data and a recommendation task, but it showed poor performance on our gene-disease association test, where it was outclassed by all other methods. DTN displayed the third best performance in the same test and shows promise for future work.
Keywords: Integrative data analysis, Deep learning, dCMF, CMF, Integromics
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för matematiska vetenskaper
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12380/301197
Collection:Examensarbeten för masterexamen // Master Theses



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