A Method for Predicting Fatigue in Notches Utilizing CAE and the Theory of Critical Distances
Examensarbete för masterexamen
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|Type: ||Examensarbete för masterexamen|
|Title: ||A Method for Predicting Fatigue in Notches Utilizing CAE and the Theory of Critical Distances|
|Authors: ||Höglind, William|
|Abstract: ||When performing fatigue evaluations, the most critical areas governing the fatigue
life of a component are geometrical discontinuities such as notches or sharp corners.
Thus, accurate modelling of the geometric discontinuities and their effects is
of highest importance to avoid catastrophic failures or overdimensioned components.
Today, fatigue evaluations are done mainly utilizing CAE tools, such as FEA, to allow
for more precise and complex calculations.
Generally in fatigue design, the guideline is to avoid sharp corners and notches and
thereby create robust designs. The first choice of FEA based fatigue evaluation
typically overestimates the severity of notches, leading to conservative fatigue predictions.
This has the consequence of some design ideas not meeting the fatigue
requirements when they in reality might do. The authors therefore investigated
methodologies for incorporating FEA with different approaches to fatigue in notches
with the aim of producing a less conservative method.
In this report, a methodology for predicting fatigue in sharp corners and notches
has been developed. The proposed methodology stems from the Theory of Critical
Distances and was verified against available fatigue test data, gathered from four
different articles, with good correlation. The methodology was also expanded to
allow for fatigue predictions of more complex geometries using virtual test specimen.
Based on the results gained from the method validation it is clear that utilizing
the proposed methodology and concepts would decrease the overestimation of notch
severity. This allows for an enhanced ability to more accurately assess design ideas.|
|Keywords: ||Fatigue;Finite Element;Theory of Critical Distance;Notch|
|Issue Date: ||2022|
|Publisher: ||Chalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för mekanik och maritima vetenskaper|
|Series/Report no.: ||2022:43|
|Collection:||Examensarbeten för masterexamen // Master Theses|
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