Stadsrum och stadsliv - Bebyggelsestrukturers inverkan på kvalitet och innehåll i det offentliga
Examensarbete på grundnivå
ABSTRACT Today's modern technological society is constantly evolving and house planning is one area that is constantly creating new technical solutions. By looking back at selected architectural eras during the 1900’s, the idea is to study and analyse three building structures in Gothenburg with a focus on quality and content in the urban space. In order to provide a background for the three selected areas, their history has been studied. The main question for the research is: how do different building structures affect the content and qualities in the urban space? The areas have been selected to represent three typical epochs in Swedish building history. The three selected areas are situated in Gothenburg. The first area is called Kungsladugård and was built between the 1910’s and the 1930’s. It consists of three story high wooden houses with a ground floor in stone. The second area is called Norra Guldheden and contains of two types of buildings that were constructed in the 1940’s. The third and last area, part of the Million program, was built in the 1960’s and is represented by a part of Masthugget called Vegastaden. To provide support to the research, the study rests on theories and methods that different researchers and professors in urban planning have previously published. The report is based on a calculation model that is inspired by the Danish urban planner and professor Jan Gehl. By calculating and evaluating the functionality, quality and content of the selected areas, they can be compared. The second method used in the research is Space Syntax. Space Syntax can easily be described as a map where lines are drawn for each street that is within an area. The integration can then be calculated, which shows how well the streets are integrated with each other in the city. Henceforth, the exploitation rates in each area are investigated. The idea is to analyse how densely an area is populated, and compare the qualities that come with a specific exploitation rate. In combination with this, the population density is calculated for further comparison. The research has resulted in three different values, one for each area of the calculation model. Kungsladugård is the area with the best values of quality and content in the urban space, Norra Guldheden comes in second place and Vegastaden in third place. Kungsladugårds has high values and are therefore consistent with the high exploitation rate and population density in the area. Norra Guldheden has a low exploitation rate and population density, but the area still has relatively high values in the calculation model. Vegastaden has low values in the calculation model, but it is the area with the highest exploitation rate and the highest population density of the three areas that are compared. How urban spaces are designed plays a major role in people's willingness to linger in the city areas. The calculation model has put values in each area, together with the integration tool Space Syntax, exploitation rates and population density. The results show that each architectural era is shaped by the ideals and values in society at the time it was created. It teaches us about the history that characterized the 1900’s house building and provides a picture of the development that has led to today's modern house building.
Samhällsbyggnadsteknik , Hållbar utveckling , Building Futures , Civil Engineering , Sustainable Development , Building Futures