Empty container management in depots before and after outsourcing of container inspection A flow and cost related comparison
Examensarbete på grundnivå
The purpose of this study is to assess the effects on the process of returning empty containers to depots in regards of if the inspection is performed in-house or outsourced to third-party actor located near the depot. This report is based on a case study that includes review of relevant literature, semi-structured interviews and a time study. Three semi-structured interviews have been conducted with representatives from key actors involved in the process of empty container returns to the depot, and a time study was carried out at the depot and container inspection site. Time measurements were carried out with a scientific proof smartphone application called Star Driver that record measurements made by the researchers. The measurements were then collected in an Excel sheet by Star Driver. The studied depot operator’s first arrangement consisted of an inspection of empty containers and administration at the gate to the depot. The in-house inspection meant longer turnaround time since the administration and inspection was performed by the same actor, which also led to a lower quality of the inspection. Turnaround time refers to the time from arrival at the gate of the depot until the truck exits the depot. The depot operator then introduced a new arrangement which meant that containers were inspected at a different location near the depot. As a result, from outsourcing, personnel with special training carry out the inspection that leads to both decreased inspection time and higher quality of the inspection. The results demonstrate that an outsourced inspection could lead to shorter turnaround times and more efficient flows can be obtained. Additionally, an increased efficiency is achieved in the gate of the depot and for the inspection activity.
Produktion , Transport , Grundläggande vetenskaper , Hållbar utveckling , Övrig industriell teknik och ekonomi , Production , Transport , Basic Sciences , Sustainable Development , Other industrial engineering and economics