Ammonia Dosing Control Strategy for heavy duty automotive SCR

dc.contributor.authorSudarshan, Ramesh
dc.contributor.departmentChalmers tekniska högskola / Institutionen för tillämpad mekaniksv
dc.contributor.departmentChalmers University of Technology / Department of Applied Mechanicsen
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-03T14:23:57Z
dc.date.available2019-07-03T14:23:57Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.description.abstractSelective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) has proven to be the frontrunner for the removal of nitrogen oxides (NOX) from exhaust gas. EURO VI emission regulations present a challenge from the control point of view, so as to achieve high NOX conversion while keeping the ammonia slip under control. This thesis focuses on a model based feedforward control system to dose the urea. The SCR is modeled as a series of CSTR (continuously stirred tank reactor) with the main SCR chemical kinetics. The main reactions are ammonia adsorption, desorption, fast SCR, slow SCR, standard SCR and ammonia oxidation. The model is simplified so as to capture the important dynamics and be fast at the same time. A fast and computationally less demanding model is required from a control aspect if it has to be implemented online. Two control strategies were evaluated. The first control strategy maintains a constant ammonia slip whereas the second controller maintains a constant NOX to ammonia ratio at the outlet of the SCR. The catalyst used is an extruded vanadia based catalyst. The control strategy was tested on the engine bench with a 11.4L catalyst and an inline 6 cylinder 12.8L engine. The performance of the controller was very good compared to a at urea dosing. The control strategy achieves a higher NOX conversion, less ammonia slip and uses less urea for injection.
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12380/245612
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDiploma work - Department of Applied Mechanics, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden : 2014:69
dc.setspec.uppsokTechnology
dc.subjectEnergiteknik
dc.subjectHållbar utveckling
dc.subjectMekanisk energiteknik
dc.subjectKatalys
dc.subjectTransport
dc.subjectEnergy Engineering
dc.subjectSustainable Development
dc.subjectMechanical energy engineering
dc.subjectCatalysis
dc.subjectTransport
dc.titleAmmonia Dosing Control Strategy for heavy duty automotive SCR
dc.type.degreeExamensarbete för masterexamensv
dc.type.degreeMaster Thesisen
dc.type.uppsokH
local.programmeAutomotive engineering (MPAUT), MSc
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