Enabling Efficient Facility Management Through Integration of BIM - A study of possible benefits and obstacles
Examensarbete för masterexamen
Design and construction project management (MPDCM), MSc
The role of the facility manager has evolved and it now includes handling of various time-consuming activities and inefficient processes. Integration of Building Information Modelling in facility management is an innovative solution to enable more efficient processes by reduction of time-consuming activities. BIM is currently, frequently applied in the design and construction phases in the industry, but integration in facility management is however still uncommon. The Purpose of the thesis is therefore to contribute with aspects on how facility management activities can be made more efficient by integration of BIM. The main objective is to identify which BIM-parameters and connected application areas would generate the highest value for property and maintenance managers. Further, the aim is to analyse the risks, benefits and challenges regarding BIM implementation. The Method of the thesis is a qualitative study including a case study where BIM is currently being integrated. Twelve semi-structured interviews with facility managers at seven different real estate companies in Gothenburg have been performed. The Result detects four main, time-consuming activities generally caused by insufficient information handling and usage of too many digital systems. Vague knowledge and limited, or no, experience of working with BIM was also shown among the interviewees which could obstruct a possible implementation. The study concludes that BIM could enable more efficient facility management by reducing the number of digital systems used and improving information handling processes. To ensure successful integration of BIM, consideration of facility management should be taken in the design phase and beneficial parameters should simultaneously be implemented in the BIM model. The purpose of sharing information regarding BIM integration is concluded to have been achieved, as the study contributes to the desired movement towards increased knowledge of BIM and possible application areas. Examples of Further Research is development of technical solutions for implementation of BIM in facility management, developing standards for BIM implementations and continuing sharing information regarding BIM and its possible benefits.
Samhällsbyggnadsteknik , Civil Engineering