Urban freight distribution: Assessing time efficiency of daily activities for future development of medium-duty electric vehicles
Examensarbete för masterexamen
Supply chain management (MPSCM), MSc
The increasing amount of goods required by the intense urbanization has triggered a considerable growth of urban distribution. To meet the increased demand, this Master’s thesis seeks to map and quantify the duration of activities that take place in a typical urban distribution tour for medium-duty trucks, and identify potential actions to enhance the time efficiency of these activities. Thereafter, the aforementioned findings are combined with a research in the advancements of all-electric vehicles to see if their characteristics fit with the existing demands in urban freight distribution. The methods used for data collection involved both field and desk research. Primary data was collected through a time study with Company X’s truck drivers. The time study was supplemented by distribution route tracking and interviews with 17 different participants. The interviewees consisted of operational and managerial level participants from Company X, and experts in the electric driveline technology. Additionally, secondary data was gathered through a revision of Volvo Group Truck Technology’s internal documents. 31 work related activities for truck drivers were identified and classified into six categories. The categorization was based on the location where the activity took place. Observations envisage that there are notable time differences among the activities. Driving and breaks accounted for the vast majority of the truck driver’s time consumption (44.5 percent). 15 improvement initiatives were proposed to enhance truck drivers’ safety and increase time efficiency in urban distribution. In addition, the average driving distance was 63.9 km. The research revealed that existing electric powertrain technology is able to address the transport operators’ distribution demands in the Gothenburg area. As of today, no major infrastructural changes are necessary to utilize all-electric fleets.
Transport , Övrig industriell teknik och ekonomi , Transport , Other industrial engineering and economics