Integrating Social Sustainability within the design of a building - A case study of five projects at an architectural firm
Examensarbete för masterexamen
Design and construction project management (MPDCM), MSc
The populations of the cities are constantly growing, something that toughens the demands on the society. During the recent years, there has been an increased and emerged focus on constructing and designing sustainable buildings and societies. However, this focus has mainly been on the environmental and economical aspects of sustainability. Nevertheless, the interest about the social aspects has lately arisen. Social sustainability is a widespread concept with many definitions, where the aim is to design societies that are attractive and socially successful. However, to be able to implement it within an organisation social sustainability may be seen as a method for how to work with a project, rather than simply a concept that is to be applied. The aim of the thesis is to create an understanding by identifying and evaluating features within social sustainability and to implement these features within an architectural firm and throughout their projects. Change management supports the analysis of the implementation. The method used for the thesis is a qualitative research approach and a case study has been performed at Liljewall Arkitekter, where five projects from four different market areas have been investigated and analysed. The analysis of the result has been performed with regard to the features of social sustainability that was identified in the literature research. The features were identified from some key aspects and the case study has thereon been investigated according to the following features; place context, meeting places, safety and security, flexibility and participation. The possibility for the architects to influence and decide upon the design depends on the type of procurement and delivery method, which makes it hard to compare projects that are under different conditions. An issue that was highlighted during the case study was the difficulty of preserving the early thoughts and ideas during the whole design phase. Many ideas are often forgotten or not prioritized when proceeding through the process. A proposed solution is to implement social sustainability as a checkpoint that will follow the continuous project meetings (same procedures as Liljewall Arkitekter already have for i.e. environmental and quality goals). Another suggestion is to have a person who have a certain responsibility for social sustainability and the integration of it. Developing and using reference projects is also a proposition that can provide an understanding for how to further work with the concept.
Samhällsbyggnadsteknik , Civil Engineering