Virtual Teams, Virtual ECI & BIM: A Multiple Case Study in the Swedish Context
Examensarbete för masterexamen
Design and construction project management (MPDCM), MSc
The AEC industry has traditionally been connected to a lack of collaboration and adversarial relationships leading to problems regarding both cost and quality in projects. Early contractor involvement (ECI) is a newly implemented concept in the Swedish AEC industry, aimed to manage these problems. Further, Building information modelling (BIM) is becoming more adopted throughout the industry as a step to increase efficiency through the use of digital practises. With the goal of increasing efficiency and innovation in the industry, the Swedish Transport Administration (STA) decided to use both ECI and BIM in a major infrastructure project, carried out in the city of Gothenburg. This master’s thesis investigated how ECI is used together with BIM in a major Swedish infrastructure project. Furthermore, it clarifies the managerial aspects in need of consideration for achieving successful ECI projects where BIM is used. The research questions were answered through a qualitative and abductive methodology consisting of a literature review and a multiple case study. The literature review explores the concept of ECI and other collaboration forms together with BIM, and the relation between them. The empirical findings revealed inexperience of ECI causing unclear roles, expectations and perceptions. Further, that lack of maintenance aspects and cultural issues were hindering BIM adoption. It was concluded that BIM and ECI can both hinder and facilitate one another. There is a need of managing the collaboration to bridge the different perception of ECI and unclear roles in the case study projects, since these are hindering both the BIM and ECI process. This master’s thesis contributes towards covering the knowledge gap currently existing regarding BIM usage and adoption in ECI projects.
Samhällsbyggnadsteknik , Civil Engineering