Effect of customer demand on transport climate impact - Are the customers demanding their carrier to use fossil free fuels and decrease airborne emissions?
Examensarbete på kandidatnivå
Shipping is known to be a conservative industry and not prone to change. Despite of the slow change the shipping industry must get in line and meet regulations presented by the International maritime organization regarding lowering airborne emissions such as greenhouse gases, sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter. A perspective that is often lacking, for demand to change transport to lower climate impact, is the one of the customers. Earlier research has shown that the economic factor always outweighs the will to change for options with less climate impact. This study aims to investigate the demand from customers of Ro-Ro transport to put pressure on their carrier to offer transport with lowered airborne emissions. Furthermore, an aim is to investigate the driving forces for the participants to work with lowering airborne emissions in the future. It also aims to investigate what measures the carrier implement to lower airborne emission. The study has shown that even if there was a demand for climate neutral transport the customers were not ready to pay enough for this option. Furthermore, the study shows that there is no demand to influence the carrier for a change in fuel to lower airborne emission. The carrier plan for future work in lowering airborne emission to meet future regulations and are currently implementing scrubbers as a method to decrease airborne emissions. All the participants agreed that the driving forces for lowering airborne emissions comes from regulation and this is needed as support for improvement. The study was limited to customers of Ro-Ro transport who have a contract with the collaborating carrier of the report and investigates only the export traffic from Sweden.
Ro-Ro , greenhouse gas , emissions , air pollutant , driving forces