BIM implementation within infrastructure projects: A study to evaluate the work and information flow within the construction industry
Examensarbete för masterexamen
Design and construction project management (MPDCM), MSc
The construction industry has for many years worked hard to streamline communication and information flow as digitalization grows rapidly within the industry. The Swedish construction industry’s clients, contractors and consultants are dependent on each other and contribute together to create societal benefits. A new approach called Building Information Modeling (BIM) has during the last decade been the most promising and well known development system in the AEC industry. This approach works like a support function and allows information in a project to be shared in an efficient way through 3D models and visualization techniques. To be able to follow the digital development in the sector, AFRY and the other actors in the industry have to become more digital and productive. This study has been carried out in collaboration with the business area Transportation Sweden at AFRY, which currently strives to develop a new internal framework in order to improve the work and information flow in their projects. The aim of this master thesis is to investigate and establish how the business area Transportation Sweden is working towards innovation and digitalization. By studying the business area’s current framework, an analysis has been conducted in order to identify the opportunities and challenges with BIM implementation within infrastructure projects. An abductive method approach has been applied which includes both qualitative and quantitative data. The collection of data starts with a literature review, followed by a questionnaire survey and an interview study to gain an understanding of how BIM maturity levels are perceived within the business area Transportation Sweden and how the employees can contribute to streamline the work and information flow. Conclusively, this study demonstrates that there are numerous potential possibilities and benefits when working with model-based projects. The overall perception of the main challenges points at a lack of collaboration skills and knowledge regarding models within project management. Moreover, there are technical challenges and a lack of overall knowledge of the subject which creates confusion and can be a restricting factor for the BIM implementation process. However, the main possibilities are that this working procedure gains time and economical benefits for clients and other actors in the industry. This study confirms the benefits of BIM, if applied right in appropriate projects.
BIM , Workflow , Information flow , Construction industry , Implementation , Communication , Collaboration