Såggatan 49: a translation of a landshövdingehus
Examensarbete för masterexamen
Between 1875 and 1940 almost all tenant housing built in Gothenburg was Landshövdingehus. Landshövdingehus are a big part of Gothenburg’s architecture and a very popular housing typology to live in. The building typology was developed due to fire restrictions and consists of a ground floor made of stone and two upper floors in wood. Between the years of 1875 and 1940 many different architectural norms and styles evolved which also influenced the looks of the Landshövdingehus. All though the basic structure of having a ground floor in stone and two upper floors in wood remained the same, the facades and expressions of the buildings followed the trends. Today, residential buildings are often made of prefabricated elements. Prefabrication enables the building process to be faster, since it permits a big part of the production to be inside and to be mass produced. More and more prefabricated buildings are made out of wood, but the majority are made of concrete. Cross Laminated Timber, CLT, is a material that can be used in a highly prefabricated process. CLT components are massive elements made of layers of wood planks glued together. CLT have similar properties as concrete, but is much lighter and generates less emissions. Nowadays the fire restrictions do not limit wooden constructions in the same way and there are even high rises made of wood. With this in mind, if we were to build a Landshövdingehus today, what would it look like? How would the architectural norms and styles of today affect the look of the building? Can modern building methods, such as prefabricated CLT, be combined with old building typologies like Landshövdingehus? What aesthetical and technical solutions can be improved today by using modern techniques? And what are the challenges? The project will be a combination between research by design and design by research. The process will start by looking at Landshövdingehus and their composition. We will also look into CLT as a material and what it means to use it in housing. We will then, based on the research, continue the design through model studies and drawings.