Developer Driven Detailed Development Plans A Mapping of 30 Swedish Municipalities
Examensarbete för masterexamen
Design and construction project management (MPDCM), MSc
The urban planning process in Sweden has been identified as a bottleneck for the construction of housing. The detailed development plans have become increasingly extensive and detailed, making the process inefficient. As a result, the interest for involving developers in the planning process has increased and several municipalities are currently implementing developer driven detailed development plans (DDD) as pilot studies. In DDD, the developer is allowed to take on more responsibility for the planning process whilst the surveillance and exercise of authority still remain with the municipality. However, how municipalities utilize DDD and developer involvement in the planning process varies as there is no formal definition nor regulation in the Planning and Building Act. Thus, the purpose of the thesis is to map and analyze how different municipalities work with developer involvement in the detailed development plan process as well as how the implementation and development of DDD can be informed and facilitated. In order to conduct the study, an inductive research approach was applied. Four interviews with consultants with experience in DDD were conducted, followed by interviews with representatives from 30 municipalities in the southern and middle part of Sweden. Parallel to the interview study, a literature study was conducted covering the detailed development plan process and theories related to stakeholder management and change management. The study concludes that DDD can be characterized as has having five different levels of developer involvement rather than being viewed as one definite approach, and that 20 out of the 30 municipalities work within the different levels of DDD. The mapping illustrates that municipalities’ geographical location can indicate how likely they are to implement DDD, apart from this no other patterns were detected. By applying the theoretical framework, six organizationally related aspects and three success factors were identified as critical for the implementation and development of DDD. The three success factors include guidelines, evaluation and the selection of pilot projects. Furthermore, it was identified that consultants can facilitate DDD by utilizing their collective body of knowledge, managing stakeholders and acting as a change agent.
Urban Planning , Detailed Development Plan , Developer Driven Detailed Development Plans , Developer Involvement , Swedish Municipalities , Stakeholder Management , Change Management